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The Life of Mammogram Inventor Stafford L Warren

Stafford L. Warren was one of the a lot of cogent contributors to radiology during his lifetime. He not alone was the aboriginal doctor to accomplish a mammogram, but was aswell had a duke in axis UCLA into one of the a lot of celebrated medical universities in the country, was a appropriate abettor on brainy disabilities to Presidents John F Kennedy and Lyndon B Johnson, and aided the U.S. government in testing of nuclear weapons afore speaking out about the dangers of nuclear fallout from weapons testing, which were arguable at the time. However, his able opinions would eventually be considered, arch up to the Partial Nuclear Assay Ban Treaty in 1963.

Born in New Mexico in 1896, Stafford L. Warren abounding the University of California, Berkeley, and accelerating with his Bachelor of Arts amount in 1918. Heading to the University of California, San Francisco, he accelerating with his Doctor of Medicine amount in 1922 and after did post-doctoral plan at John Hopkins Academy of Medicine and Harvard University.

Warren became an Abettor Professor of Medicine at the University of Rochester Academy of Medicine in 1926. Since the Department of Radiology was cast new at the time, Warren was one of the aboriginal accumulation of medical professionals that Administrator George Whipple chose to agents the school. By 1930, Warren was an Associate Professor of Medicine. He began to abstraction the plan of Albert Salomon, a sociologist from the University of Berlin who produced over 3,000 images of mastectomy specimens and abundantly advised the abounding forms and stages of blight in the breast. Since Salomon wasn’t agog to admit the activity extenuative aspects of his discoveries, Warren broadcast on his research, application radiology to clue changes in breast tissue and developing a stereoscopic address in which the accommodating would lie on her ancillary with one arm aloft while getting X-Rayed. This was a huge advance for breast blight detection, as it accustomed assay of breast blight to be accessible after surgery. Warren after appear “A Roentgenologic Abstraction of the Breast” in 1930. Today Warren is cited as the artist of the mammogram for his breast imaging technique. Each year mammograms are amenable to diagnosing millions of breast blight cases, finer extenuative the lives of women the apple over.

Warren, accepting now tackled a above anniversary in his career and developing a new activity extenuative technique, afresh went on to yield on a new project: administering the bloom and assurance of bags during the Manhattan Project. His new role meant getting amenable for the assurance aspects of the blast of the Trinity nuclear assay in Alamogordo, New Mexico on July 16, 1945. He after handled radiological assurance if he led a aggregation of surveyors to Japan, and to the Bikini Atoll in 1946, breadth added nuclear testing was done. Warren was in allegation of assessing the radioactive contagion of the ambiance and atmosphere, which he was afraid by.

In acknowledgment to this, in a breadth for LIFE annual in 1947 he wrote, “The development of diminutive bombs has presented the apple with a array of appalling scientific, moral and political problems, about all of them still unsolved.” He went on to address an in abyss assay of the furnishings of the bombs, humans and ambiance affected, the time breadth in which the furnishings of the bomb lasted, assurance measures acclimated during the Bikini campaign in which “a ages anesthetized afore men could break on some of the ships for added than an hour”, and “300 men of the assurance breadth lived and formed in the attenuated breadth to assure some 42,000 added associates of the Bikini expedition. Every accumulation which entered the ambition breadth was accompanied by a assurance adviser who bent how continued it could stay.” The men were afresh bathed anxiously if they returned, and if their Geiger counters adumbrated radioactive contagion they had to be bathed again. “Occasionally if a man had taken off his careful gloves in the ‘hot’ area, the assurance breadth had to deliquesce the alien band of derma from their easily with acid.” Clothes and added abstracts begin too attenuated were sunk into the ocean a mile beneath the surface, because there was actually “no added way to accumulate them assuredly abroad from animal beings.”

In the article, Warren assured that diminutive weapons can never be able for by anyone involved, and that “no aegis would accept been effective. The alone aegis adjoin diminutive bombs still lies alfresco the ambit of science. It is the blockage of diminutive war.”

Warren larboard his position in 1946, acceptable the Chief of the Medical Breadth of the Diminutive Energy Commission, which is a noncombatant bureau that succeeded the Manhattan Project; and after he was awarded the Army Distinguished Service Medal and the Legion of Merit for his contributions to radioactive and diminutive weapons safety.

In 1947, Warren was already afresh at the captain of a cast new medical university, this time UCLA, which had been voted on to authorize a medical academy for Southern California. He was appointed as the school’s aboriginal dean. In 1951 the aboriginal students, 28 in total, were enrolled, and there were 15 adroitness members. By 1955, if the chic graduated, there were 43 adroitness members. The UCLA Medical Center clearly opened in 1955, and Warren oversaw abounding milestones and achievements while there, including the accession of schools for Dentistry, Nursing, and Public Health.

Warren not alone was amenable for the apparatus of the mammogram, but for a amount of absorbing achievements involving radiological assurance and education. His apparatus and article abide to save lives every day, and for that he stands as one of the abundant medical innovators of our time.

– arts education for health